Definition of FUNCTIONAL ILLITERATE : a person who has had some schooling but does not meet a minimum standard of literacy
Research and Lecturer Assistant, Faculty of Philosophy, Belgrade University
Adult education is a very broad term, covering plenty of activities on different levels.The main definition is given in the Law on adult education, adopted in June 2013: "Adult education is integral part of the education system of the Republic of Serbia that provides to the adults the lifelong acquisition of competences and qualifications required for personal and professional development, work and employment, as well as socially responsible behavior."
- Law on Adult Education of the Republic of Serbia, adopted by the Serbian Government in June of 2013, came into force in January 2014;
- Strategy for Adult Education and the Action Plan for the implementation of the Adult Education strategy;
- Strategy for the Development of Vocational Education and Training;
- Strategy for the Development of Education in Serbia 2012-2020;
- Some aspects of adult education are regulated by laws from other areas – General Law on Education - The Law on the Foundations of Education and Upbringing, Law on Elementary Education, Law on Secondary Education;
- Some relevant documents are in preparation – NQF, Skills vision 2020 – Serbia.
TThere are no relevant umbrella associations in the area of adult education. Similar types of organisations are:
- Workers, People's and Open Universities Business Association
- AES - Adult Education Society
- DAS - Society of the Serbian andragogues
- There are professional association in certain areas close to the adult education, such as "Association of human resource managers" and some others.
Adult Illiteracy, Brain Architecture, and Empowerment of the Poor
Second Chance Project
Unesco report. 2015 EDUCAtion all 2000-2015 achievements and challenges
Dragana Martic (ESOL) say:
ESOL and German Integration Courses represent state supported system of learning language to reach better integration into society which does not exist in this way in Serbia. Taking into consideration the integration/foreigners staying in Serbia and its legal basis (temporary or permanent stay, acquiring citizenship, issuing work permit etc.), knowledge of Serbian language/Life in Serbia (i.e. certificate as officially required document) is not a prerequisite to fit any of above mentioned requirements.
However, if you fall in love with Serbia or someone in Serbia, decide to stay for a while or forever in my country, or especially to study, the enrolment in Serbian Language for Foreigners courses is a right choice for you.
In general Serbian for Foreigners programs represent non-native classes divided into pre-determined levels of proficiency in topics such as speaking, reading, writing and grammar and has a long tradition in our society. Nowadays Serbian Language for Foreigners courses are mainly organized/developed by private training providers, profit-oriented and lacking quality assurance in terms of accreditation system. What they have in common are not mandatory/voluntary participations and the fees/tuitions are entirely responsibility of a participant.
Here are some interesting links illustrating wide range of possibilities regarding Serbian Language for Foreigners courses:
1. The Centre for Serbian as a foreign language, at the Faculty of Philology, Belgrade University offers the course of one academic year (winter and summer semesters); full time semester program, summer school or online course
(more about at: http://learnserbian.fil.bg.ac.rs/ )
2. The Institute for Foreign Languages in Belgrade represents one of the oldest institutions of the kind in Serbia, organizes Serbian Language for Foreigners courses at four levels: A1, A2, B1, B2+ , develops and publishes distinctive training material
(more about at: http://www.isj.rs/NASTAVA/serbianasforeignlang-e.htm )
3. Three Greek students who enrolled at Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, speak fluently Serbian due to Serbian for Foreigners course at one private training provider/language school
(more about at: http://www.patuljak.rs/en/article/language-courses/serbian-for-foreigners-1.html )
4. A private training provider offers a wide range of Serbian for Foreigners courses corresponding exactly to participant’s requirements (general, individual, online, intensive, conversational, business, specialized courses etc.)
(more about at: http://www.akademijaoxford.com/en/serbian-language-courses-for-foreigners.php )
Serbian language and others.
Serbian Language for Foreigners is a term usually used to refer to language provision for students coming to Serbia regardless the reason.
In terms of policy there is no national policy or strategy for learning Serbian language as a skill requirement for sustainable integration and citizenship. Although Serbian language skills are essential for success in labour market, for wider community engagement and support of children's education, access to language provision depends on individual initiative. Since there is no public funding, provision is paid by learners.
Many providers in private sector sets out language skills in Speaking Listening, Reading and Writing at levels:
Beginners I – A1, Beginners II – A2, Intermediate I – B1, Intermediate II – B1+;
A1 to C2 in Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) for languages;
or tailor-made courses for different individual needs .
More about you can find at:
Center for Serbian as a foreign language http://learnserbian.fil.bg.ac.
Institute for foreign languages http://www.isj.rs/NASTAVA/
Serbian language and culture workshop, Project “Serbian Language intensive Course”
Career Guidance, 2011.
Career guidance development trends in Serbia 2011 ENG.pdf